Japan’s regulatory framework for food packaging materials combines government regulations based on the Food Sanitation Act of 1947, together with industry standards that have been voluntarily established by trade associations. In terms of the requirements under the Food Sanitation Act in Japan, this legislation sets forth a general safety standard that covers not only food, but also food additives, food packaging materials and equipment, detergents for vegetables and fruits, eating utensils, and toys for children.
While Japan does not currently have a "positive list" of substances that are permitted to be used in articles that contact food, or require premarket approval or review of food-contact substances prior to their use in the marketplace. The Food Sanitation Act authorises the establishment of specifications for food containers and packaging and the raw materials used to manufacture such articles. The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW)—under the Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau, Department of Food Safety, Standards and Evaluation Division—is responsible for developing such specifications.
South Korea's Food Sanitation Act establishes the legal basis for food safety-related work conducted by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MHW) and the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS).With respect to food packaging, the Act includes a general requirement that food-contact materials be free of substances harmful to human health. More specific regulations, standards, and specifications impacting food packaging materials are established and enforced by MFDS.
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