On February 1, 2023, the Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS) of the European Union issued the final opinion on α-arbutin and β-arbutin. The preliminary opinion on the safety of arbutin in cosmetics (SCCS/1642/22) was released on March 15-16, 2022.
The final conclusion is as follows:
- SCCS believes that, the maximum safe concentration of α-arbutin in face cream is 2% and the maximum safe concentration of α-arbutin in body milk is 0.5%. It is safe when used together.
- The maximum safe concentration of β-arbutin in face cream is 7%.
- Hydroquinone should remain as low as possible in formulations containing alpha-or beta-arbutin and should not be higher than the unavoidable traces in both arbutins. In the new studies, submitted by the applicant, 3ppm was the LOQ for hydroquinone and 1ppm for the LOD.
- Aggregate exposure of alpha-arbutin (2% in face cream and 0.5% in body lotion) with beta-arbutin (7% in face cream) is considered safe. It is worth noting that SCCS is temporarily unable to conclude α- Arbutin and β- The maximum safe concentration limit of arbutin in cosmetics.
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SCCS - Final Opinion on the safety of alpha-arbutin and beta-arbutin in cosmetic products